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Transcendentalists > Transcendentalism > Chronology


Chronology of Transcendentalism:

April 4, 1780: William Ellery Channing born, Newport, Rhode Island

December 4, 1795: Thomas Carlyle born in Dumfriesshire, Scotland

November 29, 1799: Amos Bronson Alcott born in Wolcott, Connecticut

May 9, 1800: John Brown born, Torringon, Connecticut

November 10, 1801: Samuel Gridley Howe born in Boston

February 11, 1802: Lydia Maria Child born in Medford, Massachusetts

May 25, 1803: Ralph Waldo Emerson born in Boston

May 16, 1804: Elizabeth Palmer Peabody born in Massachusetts

July 4, 1804: Nathaniel Hawthorne born in Salem, Massachusetts

May 23, 1810: Margaret Fuller born in Massachusetts

August 24, 1810: Theodore Parker born in Lexington, Massachusetts

July 12, 1817: Henry David Thoreau born in Concord

May 5, 1819: William Ellery Channing preaches his sermon, Unitarian Christianity

May 27, 1819: Julia Ward Howe born in New York, New York

May 31, 1819: Walt Whitman born on Long Island, New York

December 22, 1823: Thomas Wentworth Storrow Higginson born in Cambridge, Massachusetts

1825-1834: Elizabeth Palmer Peabody serves informally as secretary of William Ellery Channing

December 10, 1830: Emily Dickinson born in Amherst, Massachusetts

February 8, 1831: Ellen Emerson dies of tuberculosis

1832: Elizabeth Palmer Peabody publishes First Steps to the Study of History

October 8, 1832: Emerson preaches "Lord's Supper" sermon

December 25, 1832: Emerson resigns his pastorate at Second Church

1833: Lydia Maria Child publishes An Appeal in Favor of That Class of Americans Called Africans

1835: Record of a School- published anonymously by Elizabeth Palmer Peabody about Bronson Alcott's school

September 14, 1835: Emerson marries Lydia Jackson, known henceforward as Lidian Emerson

September 1836: Transcendental Club formed

September 9, 1836: Emerson's "Nature" published

October 30, 1836: Emerson's son Waldo born

August 31, 1837: Emerson delivers "The American Scholar" address at Harvard

July 15, 1838: Emerson delivers "Divinity School Address" at Harvard

1839: Elizabeth Palmer Peabody opens West Street Bookstore

February 24, 1839: Emerson's daughter Ellen born

1839-1844: Margaret Fuller holds "conversations" withwomen on a variety of intellectual topics

1840-1844: Dial magazine published, edited by Margaret Fuller (1840-1842), later by Ralph Waldo Emerson (1842-1844)

1841: Brook Farm founded

1841: Thomas Carlyle publishes On Heroes, Hero-Worship and the Heroic in History

March 20, 1841: Emerson's Essays- First Series published

January 27, 1842: Emerson's son Waldo dies.  Later, Emerson writes and publishes Threnody

October 2, 1842: William Ellery Channing dies, Bennington, Vermont

1843: Samuel Gridley Howe and Julia Ward Howe are married

1845: Margaret Fuller publishes her Woman in the Nineteenth Century

Spring, 1845: Thoreau begins his stay at Walden Pond

1846: Margaret Fuller sails for Europe

July, 1846: Thoreau jailed for refusal to pay poll tax, giving rise to his essay, Resistance to Civil Government,  later known as Civil Disobedience, in 1849

December 25, 1846: Emerson's poems published

1847: Thoreau returns from Walden Pond - in the summer, to stay with Emerson's wife and children while Emerson travels to Europe, and September, finally

1847: Margaret Fuller settles in Italy

1849: Margaret Fuller apparently secretly marries Giovanni Angelo, Marchese Ossoli

May 1849: Henry David Thoreau publishes Resistance to Civil Government,  later known as Civil Disobedience, in Elizabeth Peabody's Aesthetic Papers.

July 19, 1850: Margaret Fuller, her husband and their son, Angelo, drown off Fire Island, New York; her manuscript history of the Italian revolution is also lost

1854: publication of Walden; or, Life in the Woods by Henry David Thoreau

June 2, 1854: Anthony Burns convicted of being a fugitive slave; 50,000 in Boston watch him taken in shackles to a ship

July 4, 1854: Henry David Thoreau delivers his address known as Slavery in Massachusetts, in Framingham, Massachusetts

December 1854: Emerson meets Walt Whitman

1855: Walt Whitman's Leaves of Grass published

October 16, 1859: John Brown leads a raid on the armory at Harpers Ferry, Virginia (now West Virginia); surrenders to U.S. military force the next morning

October 30, 1859: Henry David Thoreau delivers A Plea for Captain John Brown to the citizens of Concord

1859: Elizabeth Palmer Peabody develops interest in kindergartens; she publishes on this topic, the last book in 1886

December 2, 1859: John Brown, after conviction for murder, slave insurrection and treason,  hanged in Charles Town, Virginia (now in West Virginia)

May 10, 1860: Theodore Parker dies in Florence, Italy

1861: Julia Ward Howe writes "Battle Hymn of the Republic" after visiting an army camp near Washington, D.C.

February, 1862: Julia Ward Howe publishes "Battle Hymn of the Republic" in The Atlantic Monthly

April 15, 1862: Emily Dickinson writes to Thomas Wentworth Higginson, asking for his opinion of several of her poems

May 6, 1862: Henry David Thoreau dies in Concord

October 3, 1863: Mary Moody Emerson dies

May 19, 1864: Nathaniel Hawthorne dies in Plymouth, New Hampshire

1865: Thoreau's Cape Cod published posthumously

1871: Emerson travels to California, meets John Muir

July 24, 1874: Emerson's home burns

January 9, 1876: Samuel Gridley Howe dies in Boston

1880: Elizabeth Palmer Peabody publishes Reminiscences of Rev. Wm. Ellery Channing, D. D.

October 20, 1880: Lydia Maria Child dies in Wayland, Massachusetts

February 5, 1881: Thomas Carlyle dies in London, England

April 27, 1882: Ralph Waldo Emerson dies in Concord

May 15, 1886: Emily Dickinson dies in Amherst, Massachusetts

March 4, 1888: Amos Bronson Alcott dies in Concord

March 26, 1892: Walt Whitman dies in Camden, New Jersey

November 13, 1892: Lidian Emerson dies

January 3, 1894: Elizabeth Palmer Peabody died in Massachusetts

October 17, 1910: Julia Ward Howe dies in Newport, Rhode Island

May 9, 1911: Thomas Wentworth Storrow Higginson dies in Cambridge, Massachusetts



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