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Transcendentalists > Transcendentalism > Plagiarism and Copyright

Plagiarism and Copyright


For those concerned with issues of plagiarism and copyright, here are some excellent resources for writers, historians, students and teachers.
 
Plagiarism | Copyright | Citing Online Sources
 

Plagiarism

What is Plagiarism?:
From the History News Network at George Mason University, Virginia, are three related statements about plagiarism:  one from the American Historical Association's Statement on Standards of Professional Contact, one from Joseph Gibaldi and Walter S. Achtert's MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers,  and one from the Manual of the American Psychological Association.
  Plagiarism: What It Is and How to Recognize and Avoid It:
A useful resource from Indiana University that not only defines plagiarism but gives helpful hints for how to tell the difference between acceptable and unacceptable paraphrasing, what is "common knowledge" and therefore does not have to be footnoted or otherwise cited, and other helpful clarificatoins.
 
Plagiarism and the Web:
A guide primarily aimed at teachers on how to avoid plagiarism and how to discourage it among students. One of the best strategies is the simplest: let students know that you know about essays available on the Web -- and then, if you get an essay that's suspicious, check it out against those resources!
  Plagiarism.org:
This site tries to "level the playing field for all students" by allowing educators to test papers against a database of other papers.  The related fee-based site, TurnItIn.com, allows students and educators to submit papers for plagiarism assessment.
 
Avoiding Plagiarism:
From Concordia College, an easy-to-read and easy-to-understand guide that includes a few examples.
  Plagiarism: What It Is and How To Avoid It:
From MIT. The article is written for bilingual students but is helpful for anyone. A related article: Evaluating What You Find in the Library and on the Internet
 
How Not to Plagiarize:
From the University of Toronto, a helpful summary, including some examples using MLA and APA style.
  What is Plagirism?:
A readable guide from Georgetown University, directed to students to help them avoid plagiarism.
 

Copyright

U.S. Copyright Office, Library of Congress:
For American publications, this is the "horse's mouth" -- official U.S. policy on copyright: copyright basics, what it is, how to register a work, law, publications, forms and the kitchen sink, too.
  Copyright Basics - Fair Use:
There are legal ways to use copyrighted works, but "fair use" especially in academic settings is much misunderstood.  This explanation is helpful and clear.
 
10 Big Myths About Copyright Explained:
Brad Templeton tries to explain some of the basics of copyright by countering common myths: including the myth that anything posted on Usenet is in the public domain, the myth that you can copy material as long as you don't charge, abuse of the "fair use" exception and the myth that emails are not copyrighted.
  Crash Course in Copyright:
This document manages to entertain while teaching about copyright of  text, illustrations, music, multimedia and more.  Everything you ever wanted to know about copyright: how to figure out who owns what, basics of fair use, and plenty of links to even more resources. Helpful section: presentations on copyright for specific audiences, including faculty, students, attorneys and administrators.
 
Public Domain:
Information on works that are not protected by copyright, including ideas, facts and names, and works that have lost copyright or have had copyright expired.
  Copyright Clearance Center, Inc.:
A for-profit institution through which writers and publishers can request permission (license) to reproduce copyrighted content. Also useful to website publishers for providing a means for users to get instant permissions.
 

Citing Online Sources

Citing Electronic Texts:
From the Writing Center at Western Illinois University, some very helpful resources on how to properly cite resources found on the Web.
  Citing Electronic Information in History Papers:
Primarily based on the Turabian and University of Chicago style manuals, this online guide includes recommendations for citing electronic resources along with rationales for the recommendations.
 
MLA-Style Citations of Electronic Sources:
Columbia University Press documents the proper way to cite resources found online, whether within the text (footnotes, etc.) or in bibliographies.
  Resources for Documenting Electronic Sources:
From the Purdue University Online Writing Lab - includes information on citing sources in various academic disciplines.
 
Using Quotations:
From the University of Toronto, a quick guide to the basics of quoting, paraphrasing and  summarizing -- and identifying sources.
  Citation Styles:
This summary includes MLA, APA, Chicago, CBE and other styles for citing online content.
 
Suggested Citation Styles: U.S. Census Bureau:
If you're citing census information from the U.S. Census Bureau, here are guidelines for footnotes and bibliographies.
  Chicago Manual of Style:
An extensive "frequently asked questions" summary of the Manual's recommendations.  See such topics as URLs which are specific to online sources.
 
Beyond the MLA Handbook: Documenting Electronic Sources on the Internet:
Essay from Eastern Kentucky University on citation style with examples, mostly using MLA standards.
  Citing Electronic Sources:
From the Library of Congress, this guide includes MLA and Turabian examples for such government resources online as photographs, legal documents, maps, photographs and texts.
 

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